The success of individual research projects and science as a whole depends, to a great extent, on commitment to the highest ethical and legal standards, which have been adopted by the academic community relative to publication of research outcomes and rely on the following sources: the Code of Publishing Ethics developed by the Committee on the Ethics of Scientific Publications (Russia, Moscow); the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers elaborated by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE); Best Practice Guidelines on Publication Ethics: A Publisher's Perspective published in International Journal of Clinical Practice, Graf C., Wager E., Bowman A., et al. Int. J. Clin. Pract., 2007; 61 (s152):126.
In line with these documents, the editorial board of the journal "Uchenye Zapiski Kazanskogo Universiteta. Seriya Estestvennye Nauki" (hereinafter referred to as Journal) subscribes to the ethical guidelines, compliance with which is mandatory for all sides involved in the process of publishing of research materials (Editors, Authors, Reviewers, and Publishers).
Editors are directly responsible for prevention of publication malpractice. All articles that fail to meet the below standards, i.e., if some kind of malpractice or unethical behavior are discovered at any stage (even after the publication), will be immediately removed from publication.
1. Editorial Board
Editors have the following general responsibilities:
1.1. Editor is bound to consider all materials of the manuscript submitted by Author. The final responsibility for accepting or rejecting the manuscript (based on its relevance, integrity, and fitting into the journal profile) without any personal and ideological favoritism or malice rests with Editor;
1.2. Editor should treat Author respectfully, regardless of their sex, racial affiliation, and other subjective qualities;
1.3. Editor is obligated to observe the intellectual property rights of Authors by keeping in confidentiality all data provided in the manuscript without using them for personal purposes or transferring to the third parties;
1.4. Editor should exclude from publishing all plagiarized or falsified materials, as well as take serious steps in case of redundancy and false attribution of authorship;
1.5. Editor ensures confidentiality and anonymity of the review process;
1.6. Editor should invite only highly professional specialists as Reviewers.
Author is a person who has made a worthy contribution to the process of research or interpretation of its results. Author submitting their manuscript for the purpose of publishing and distribution in the scientific community should strive to comply with the following rules:
2.1. Authors should rely upon exceptionally accurate and actual data, as well as their unbiased interpretation without permitting any false or fraudulent claims about the obtained results;
2.2. Authors are not allowed to submit the same manuscript to any other journal for publication, in whole or in part, when it is being considered by Journal. In addition, they should not participate in multiple and redundant publications, which is regarded as self-plagiarism;
2.3. All research funders, as well as other sources of support, should be clearly identified and listed in the manuscript, including indication of the role of each contributing party;
2.4. Author should state if the research is performed with the use of dangerous chemical agents and biopreparations or equipment. If experimental animals or human participants were used, the manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that the experiments were carried out in accordance with the legislation in force and procedure instructions approved by the relevant committee or board of the institution, where the research was done. In addition, the understanding and appropriate informed consent of each human, who becomes the object of experiments, must be provided and stated in the manuscript;
2.5. Data obtained in the private talk or correspondence can be used only subject to prior written approval from the person, who provided them;
2.6. Graphic or textual data from the works published by other authors should be indicated with reference to the source, from which they were taken. Besides, all works published elsewhere and covering similar issues, which influenced the research, should be given in the list of references;
2.7. If Authors discover significant errors and incorrect conclusions in their manuscripts, either accepted for publishing or already published by Journal they should immediately inform Editor about it in order to take appropriate steps, such as correction, disclamation, or retraction;
2.8. As Editor makes the final decision to publish the manuscript, Authors retain their copyright without restrictions and agree with the transfer of the right to publish and distribute their published work (in print and electronic versions), as well as with that the bibliographic data will be included in the science citation databases and the full text will be freely available in the Scientific Electronic Library eLIBRARY.RU, Cyberleninka Library, and Journal's website.
Reviewing of the submitted manuscript should be based on the following major principles:
3.1. Reviewer maintains confidentiality concerning the scientific inquiry of the manuscript, which is intended to improve its quality and helps the editorial board to finalize their decision on publishing the results of research;
3.2. Author/Co-author of the manuscript cannot act as Reviewer;
3.3. If Reviewer recognizes that either the manuscript is not related to their scholarly background or the time allocated for review is not enough, it immediately sets the ground for refusal;
3.4. When reviewing the material submitted for publication, Reviewers are obligated to be objective in their evaluation of the manuscript. All suggestions and judgements should be based on the relevance, integrity, and originality of the results of research performed by Author. Any critical statements of a subjective nature arising from personal attitudes to Author or other reasons are not acceptable;
3.5. Reviewers should disclose all conflicts of interest that may arise;
3.6. Reviewer is not allowed to keep any copies of the manuscript or transfer the materials under review to any other side. The manuscript cannot be used for personal research purposes prior to its publication unless special permission is obtained from Author;
3.7. Reviewer ensures that the manuscript is coherently written and contains all references to the cited or used works;
3.8. Reviewer should support their conclusions about the manuscript, thus ensuring that Author and Editor understand the basis of all comments and judgements;
3.9. Reviewer should point out if the manuscript bears considerable similarities to the works published earlier, i.e., report on plagiarism.
4. Conflict of Interests
All participants of the publication process (authors of manuscripts, editorial board, and reviewers) must disclose any conflict of interests caused by potential competition, as well as their personal or other attitudes, etc. Authors are directly responsible for peaceful settlement of all conflicts that occur during manuscript preparation. The editorial board and reviewers must provide objective and impartial work on the manuscript submitted by authors. If any conflict situations arise at this stage, the persons concerned must delegate their responsibilities to other members of the editorial board or reviewers.
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