The paper appeared in Space Science Review.
There are only a few so-called “heaters” in the world – special stands which create artificial plasma processes in the upper atmosphere by heating them.
Senior Research Associate of the Near Space Research Lab Vladimir Frolov explains, “There are currently three heating stands in the world. One is in Russia, it’s called SURA; another, EISCAT-Heater, is near Tromsø in Norway; and the third, HAARP, is in Alaska in the United States.”
Using these devices, researchers create plasma excitements in the ionosphere and study their characteristics.
“Currently, we use ionosondes of vertical and inclined sounding, non-coherent scattering stations, and non-coherent scattering radars. Furthermore, ionosphere sounding is also performed by signals of low orbit and high orbit Earth satellites. Recently, satellite methods of artificial plasma excitement analysis have become more and more prominent; they help study the properties of both the excited and external parts of ionosphere, and even parts of ionosphere which magneto-conjugate to heaters.
“Experiments help us study interactions of electromagnetic waves with particles in a basically infinite plasma. So there are no edge effects like in lab experiments.
“Our paper details theoretical findings about plasma processes, including plasma fluctuation, high-frequency and low-frequency plasma turbulence. They lead to a significant heating of plasma and generate artificial heterogeneities of its density on scales from less than a meter to dozens and hundreds of kilometers, as well as to the acceleration of electrons to overheating energies, which leads to additional ionization of plasma and generating of artificial optical radiation,” continues Dr. Frolov.
According to him, ionosphere is basically a natural plasma laboratory facilitating many experiments in plasma physics, solar physics, planetary sciences, ionosphere and magnetosphere studies.
Source text: Larisa Busil
Translation: Yury Nurmeev