Both the University and the biomedical school came out simultaneously in Kazan with two departments set up by the Charter of Kazan Imperial University of November 05, 1804: the Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Forensic Medicine and the Department of Natural History and Botany. The history of Kazan University medical school is made up of such great biologists and medics as K. Fuks, E. Eversman, A. Kovalevsky, S. Zimnitsky, A. Samoylov, V. Gruzdev, P. Lesgaft, A. Vishnevsky and others. The Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology is one of the most dynamic Institutes of Kazan University. There are over 60 units in the Institute (departments, research laboratories, clinical units in the Republican Clinical Hospital, and etc.). The Institute has a Biomedical Center for Shared Facilities consisting of Genome Center, Proteome Center, Neurobiology Center, Biobank, Biomedical Microscopy Center, Vivarium, Clinical diagnostic laboratory, Research and training pharmaceutical center and other highly specialized laboratories, as well as the Center for Translational Medicine. There is a unique world-class Center of Simulation Medicine created in the Institute. It has a hospital model, Dental phantom classroom and the engineering Center for simulator designing.
In 1804 Emperor Alexander I issued a decree establishing Kazan Imperial University. The Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Forensic Medicine and the Department of Natural History and Botany were founded among the first. In 1806 Prof. of Medicine, anatomist I. Kamenskiy and Doctor K. Fuchs started teaching Medicine at the University. In 1807 I. Kamenskiy was superseded by Prof. I. Braun at the Department of Anatomy, who was elected the first Rector of Kazan Imperial University in 1814. Grand opening of Kazan Imperial University was held in 1814. In 1930 the Medical Faculty was separated from Kazan University resulted in Kazan Medical Institute establishment. In 1933 the Faculty of Biology was opened at the University. In May, 2012 on the basis of the Faculty of Biology and Soils the Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology was created in Kazan Federal University. Since 2013 there have been launched academic programs in medical majors. Highly qualified academic staff provides teaching and research in the Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology. There are 146 teaching members (including 2 RAS academicians, 1 academician of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, 1 corresponding member of Tatarstan Academy of Sciences, 24 full professors, 76 associate professors, 12 lecturers, and 24 assistants) and 131 researchers working for the Institute. Today 1355 young people study in the Institute with 970 students specialized in biological science majors, and 241 - in biology teaching area.