R-2, №:8, University Campus, Elâzığ, Turkey,
Three dialects relating to the kipchak group of the Turkic family of languages are found in the Tatar language: middle, western (Mishar) and eastern (the language of the Siberian Tatars). Among the Tatars living in the Volga and Ural region, the number of native speakers of the Mishar dialect is the second largest after Kazan Tatars. The middle dialect is at the heart of the Tatar literary language, however, the Mishar dialect and its subdialects are also important in language development. Despite the linguistic affinity of the Mishar subdialects to the literary language, they have certain dialectal features and preserve ancient language phenomena.
This article deals with the features of the Mishar dialect and subdialects which played an important role in the formation of the Tatar nation and are currently spoken in different regions of Russia. The article explores the preservation and peculiarities of use of the suffix -dachy in these dialects, noted in the Old Turkic written sources.
Key words: suffix-dachy, Tatar language, Mishar dialect, Turkic language, Old Turkic language.