Articles by scientists of IPO KFU were published in the journal European Psychiatry, article European Psychiatry
European Psychiatry is the official journal of the largest international psychiatric association in Europe EPA.
The aim of the European Psychiatric Association is to improve the lives of patients with mental disorders and to promote professional excellence through education and research. The EPA Congress is held annually, the materials of which are published in the journal European Psychiatry.
In 2019, the European Congress of Psychiatry was held in Warsaw under the motto “Psychiatry in Transition: Toward New Models, Goals and Challenges”. The Congress was attended by scientists from the Institute of Psychology and Education of Kazan University.
According to Albert Chernov, associate professor at the Department of General Psychology at the Institute of Psychology and Education of Kazan Federal University, the introduction of mental health systems in many countries, paying more attention to personality-oriented research and care, the availability of scientific data confirming the biopsychosocial model, the clinical significance of the diachronic perspective and effectiveness were the most significant examples of activities conducted in the field of mental health in the world.
- Congress was held in the best traditions of the EPA. A special place was given to updating evidence-based medicine in psychopharmacology, introducing community-based mental health systems, e-mental health applications and prevention programs. We presented at the Congress the results of two of our studies. Congress organizers selected our articles for publication in European Psychiatry.
The first article, “Dynamics of mental states of performance under experimental influence,” was written in collaboration with scientists at Kazan Federal University: A. Prokhorov, A. Chernov, M. Yusupov, M. Valiullina, A. Khalfieva.
The aim of the study was to study changes in mental representations of mental states.
“The mental representations of mental states, which are understood as internal structures formed in the process of a person’s life, are not sufficiently studied from the point of view of their stability and change,” explained A. Chernov, co-author of the article. - Understanding them is a prerequisite for effective counseling therapy.
The experiment, which lasted six months, was attended by 27 students aged 18-19 years. Associative, evaluative and figurative characteristics of mental representations were studied using an implicit associative test and a method of alleviating the mental state, developed by KFU professor A. Prokhorov.
Scientists have found that the results of relaxation or activation of the influence on ideas about mental states may depend on the nature of the technique used, as well as the individual characteristics of the participants.
- The neuromuscular relaxation technique of Everly-Rosenfeld used in the study had a greater impact on physiological manifestations, while autogenous immersion only affected sensations, perception and memory. After conducting meditations, the intensity of mental representations among students reached optimal values.
The results obtained indicate that the detected changes are a certain tendency that allows us to describe the invariant and unstable characteristics of the mental representation.
The second article, “The Dynamics of Cognitive States of Students with Different Levels of Reflection,” was the result of a study to identify the dynamics of cognitive state during classes for students with different levels and focus of reflection.
- Three groups of students with different (high, medium and low) levels of reflection were formed. Let me remind you that reflection acts as a mechanism of self-knowledge, self-organization, self-determination and as a basis for independent student activity. During the seminars, we studied precisely the cognitive state of students.
The most commonly tested cognitive conditions have been identified. Scientists are confident that the data will allow teachers to achieve positive cognitive conditions in students at work.