The Department of Private and Public Law was established in June 2013 as a result of the reorganization of the Department of Law and Economics into two independent structural units.

The topic of research activities of the Department of Private and Public Law is "Basic concepts of the development of law and individual legal institutions at the present stage." The legal system of every individual state develops in its own way and in each country there are different legal customs, traditions, legislation, legal mentality, legal culture. The legal difference between countries shows their identity and legal system.

In modern jurisprudence, there is a need to rethink both the main components of the Russian legal system in general, and state legal institutions in particular. These trends are associated with the objective needs of the modernization of the domestic legal system in order to build a civil society and the rule of law.

At the theoretical and practical levels, the issues of interaction of the Russian legal system with the main legal families of modernity did not receive adequate coverage.

Teachers of the department conduct active scientific and methodological activities, annually participate in international, all-Russian and regional conferences, have publications in journals included in international and Russian citation bases and in publications recommended by the Higher Attestation Commission.

The department has created and successfully operates the student club "School of Legal Education" (head: senior lecturer Fastovets L.A.), a scientific circle on international law (head: Ph.D., associate professor Zhadan V.N.).

In September 2014, “Bona fides”  legal clinic of Elabuga Institute of the Kazan Federal University (supervisor: Ph.D., Associate Professor Sterkhova M.I.) was established on the basis of the Faculty of History and Law to provide free legal assistance to socially unprotected categories of citizens.

The research work is at a high level, students take part in international, All-Russian and university conferences.

The department carries out teaching of legal disciplines at the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Philology and History.