Institute of Ecology of the Volga River Basin, Russian Academy of Sciences, Togliatti, 445003 Russia
Full text PDF
The results of the study (2012) of phytoplankton from the Bolshoy Cheremshan River, a tributary of the Kuybyshev Reservoir, have been considered. A total of 147 species of 8 divisions have been revealed. The highest species diversity and abundance have been observed in Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta. The structure of algocenoses has been found to be dominated by small-celled centric diatoms, green chlorococcales, and cryptomonads. All species identified in this study are characteristic of eutrophic waters. According to the saprobic indices, the studied river belongs to β-mesosaprobic zone. Data clustering by comparing the composition of dominant phytoplankton species has made it possible to spot differences between the river reaches. The influence of human settlements on the structure of planktonic algocenoses has been discovered.
Keywords: phytoplankton, taxonomic structure, Bolshoy Cheremshan River
Acknowledgments. The author is grateful to E.M. Kurina (Candidate of Biology, Laboratory of Small River Ecology) for kindly providing us with hydrological data.
Fig. 1. Schematic location of stations in the Bolshoy Cheremshan River, where samples were taken in 2012.
Fig. 2. The abundance (N) and biomass (B) of algal divisions at the stations in the Bolshoy Cheremsan River. Designations: 1 – near the village of Klyavlino, 2 – near the village of Cheremshan, 3 – near the village of Burmet'evo, 4 – the riverbed near the village of Chulpanovo, 4a – shallow waters near the village of Chulpanovo, 5 – the riverbed near the village of St. Maksimkino, 5a – shallow waters near the village of St. Maksimkino, 6 – the riverbed near the village of Novocheremshansk, 6a – shallow waters near the village of Novocheremshansk, 7 – the riverbed about 30 km away from the city of Dimitrovgrad, 7a – shallow waters about 30 km away from the city of Dimitrovgrad, 8 – the riverbed about 10 km away from the city of Dimitrovgrad, 8a – shallow waters about 10 km away from the city of Dimitrovgrad.
Fig. 3. Dendrogram of taxonomic similarity between the dominant algal plankton species at the riverbed stations in the B. Cheremshan River.
Fig. 4. Saprobic indices and abundance of the groups of saprobes at the stations laid in the B. Cheremshan River. An asterisk marks species without indicator importance.
- State Report on the State of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2003. Kazan, 2004. 471 p. (In Russian)
- Master Plan of Cheremshan (District Centre). Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Protection. Explanatory Note. Kazan, 2005. 150 p. (In Russian)
- State Report on the State and Protection of the Environment in Ulyanovsk Region in 2010. Ulyanovsk, 2011. 154 p. (In Russian)
- State Report on the State and Protection of the Environment in Ulyanovsk Region in 2012. Ulyanovsk, 2013. 131 p. (In Russian)
- Zinchenko T.D., Golovatyuk L.V., Blue Book of Samara Region: Rare and Protected Hydrobiocenoses. Reki [Rivers]. Samara, SamNTs Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2007, pp. 22–99. (In Russian)
- Zelenevskaya N.A., Davletshina A.A. Phytoplankton and water quality of the middle course of the Bolshoy Cheremshan River in 2007–2008. Vestn. Volzh. Univ. im. V.N. Tatishcheva, 2009, vol. 8, pp. 11–14. (In Russian)
- Surface Water Resources of the Soviet Union: Hydrological Study. Vol. 12: Lower Volga Region and Western Kazakhstan. No. 1: Lower Volga Region. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat. 1966. 287 p. (In Russian)
- Methods of Studying Inland Water Ecosystems. Moscow, Nauka, 1975. 240 p. (In Russian)
- Karlson B., Cusak C., Bresnan E. Microscopic and molecular methods for quantitative phytoplankton analysis. IOC Man. Guides, no. 55, 2010. Paris, UNESCO, 110 p.
- Sládeček V. System of water quality from the biological point of view. Arch. Hydrobiol., Beih. Ergeb. Limnol., H. 7, 1973, S. 1–218.
- Standardized Methods for Studying Water Quality. Part 3: Methods for Biological Analysis of Water. Moscow, SEV, 1976. 185 p. Appendix 1: Saprobity Indicators. 1977. 91 p. Appendix 2: Atlas of Saprobes. 1977. 227 p. (In Russian)
- Wegl R. Index für die Limnosaprobität. Wasser und Abwasser. Wien, WEGL, 1983. Bd. 26. S. 1–175.
- Megarran E. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. Moscow, Mir, 1992. 184 p. (In Russian)
- Okhapkin A.G. Structure and succession of phytoplankton at the regulated runoff of the Volga River and its tributaries. Extended Abstract of Doct. Biol. Sci. Diss. St. Petersburg, 1997. 48 p. (In Russian)
- Okhapkin A.G. Mass phytoplankton species dynamics during eutrophication and control of the river flow (by the example of the Volga River). Vestn. Nizhegorod. Univ., Ser. Biol., 1999, no. 1, pp. 5–10. (In Russian)
- The Phytoplankton of the Lower Volga River. The Reservoirs and the Lower Reaches of the River. St. Petersburg, Nauka. 2003. 231 p. (In Russian)
- Trifonova I.S. The role of bioindication in limnological monitoring. Bioindication in monitoring of freshwater ecosystems. Tez. dokl. Mezhdunar. konf. [Proc. Rep. Int. Conference]. St. Petersburg, 2006, p. 153. (In Russian)
- Kitaev S.P. Basic General Limnology for Hydrobiologists and Ichthyologists. Petrozavodsk, Izd. Karel. Nauchn. Tsentra Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2007. 394 p. (In Russian)
- Okhapkin A.G., Startseva N.A., Vodeneeva E.L. The composition and structure of phytoplankton inhabiting various types of water bodies in the Middle Volga basin. Tez. dokl. IX S”ezda GBO RAN [Proc. Rep. IX Congress of the Hydrobiological Society, Russian Academy of Sciences]. Vol. 2. Togliatti, Izd. SamNTs Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2006. 75 p. (In Russian)
For citation: Gorokhova O.G. Description of phytoplankton from the Bolshoy Cheremshan River (Kuybyshev Reservoir). Uchenye Zapiski Kazanskogo Universiteta. Seriya Estestvennye Nauki, 2016, vol. 158, no. 2, pp. 247–258. (In Russian)
The content is available under the license Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.