This title was conferred on him today, on the 19th of June, in the historical Assembly Hall.
The famous scientist was introduced to the audience by the Vice-Rector of KFU for Research, Mr. Danis Nurgaliev. After the traditional ceremony of a gown putting on Mr. Henri Alloul delivered a lecture on his research to KFU scientific community. The Professor is the director of Solid-State Physics laboratory and a member of the International Academic Council of KFU.
Mr. Alloul told the audience that he had visited Russia in the sixties of the XX century. The interest to our country and particularly to our Republic originated from the fact that paramagnetic resonance was discovered namely in Kazan in the forties of the previous century. “At that time I found out that Kazan University scientists were still actively studying the said field. We started researching into properties of some materials in 1991-1992, thus setting up our cooperation. At that period Kazan researchers visited us for the first time. We used the aforementioned method in our joint researches. It is important that paramagnetic resonance is applied in medicine and makes our life better,” noted the Professor.
Mr. Alloul also said that joint researches pursued by scientists from Kazan and Paris are connected with new materials, but in fact the sphere of collaboration is much wider. “By now our work has become more perfect, we are trying to make headway. Thus, Mr. Irek Mukhametshin (an Associate Professor of the Department of General Physics of KFU – the author’s note) is studying high-quality monocrystals. This is a research at the junction of Physics and Chemistry. We need to establish interdisciplinary ties, because sometimes chemists can do what we cannot,” thinks the Professor. Not only Mr. Alloul thinks the same: thanks to these researches scientists representing both parties hope to improve properties of materials developed by them.
Mr. Irek Mukhametshin gave more details about his work:
- There are materials possessing unique properties, and the main issues disturbing physicists are how and why these properties appear. The tool we are using (nuclear magnetic resonance) permits to penetrate inside the substance and get the required information. Based on experimental data we are trying to explain why these phenomena exist and find an answer to the question of how to observe them under standard conditions. After we understand the phenomenon mechanism the next step will be searching for ways to improve it and apply in practice.
For common people high-temperature conductors discussed during the lecture are very cold conditions (196 degrees below zero), but for physicists it’s a high temperature. We must invent how to achieve superconductivity at a room temperature to make it comfortable for common people. But initially we have to understand why this superconductivity exists at temperatures considered high by physicists? This research is done with the purpose of its further practical application, which today is possible at high temperatures only and costs too much.