What is the Solid State Physics Department? What is the solid state physics?
What opportunities do admission to study at the Institute of Physics of KFU?
Each school, each year, admits students in a competitive manner with the aim to teach them in a particular field of knowledge and thus provide them with the knowledge and skills to work in a particular profession. Responsibility for the preparation of experts in high school is assigned to a department. One of the departments of the Institute of Physics – Department of Solid State Physics.
Response – there is a variety of substances in the solid state: metals, semiconductors, dielectrics, polymers, composite materials, heterostructures, etc.
Why is it important to study the physical properties of the solid substances?
Answer – these substances serve as a material for creating of all that surrounds us and what we use in our life: cars, trains, airplanes, houses, lighting and televisions, cameras, computers and cell phones, etc.
Many of the above instruments and devices have undergone a very big change and/or development over the last 20-30 years. These changes have been made by the mind and hands of physicists and engineers, as a result of their work on the study of the properties of solids, material research to create new properties.
Deeply integrated into the educational and scientific infrastructure of the Institute of Physics, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Department of Solid State Physics provides the following features not available in other schools in the region:
systematic scientific analysis of the problems (both natural and professional) of various levels of complexity;
work with complex, computerized laboratory equipment and modern scientific equipment;
conduct physical experiments;
processing, analysis and synthesis of modern methods of physical information using computer technology;
presentation of the results of work in the form of articles, reports, presentations.
the ability to use basic theoretical knowledge to solve professional problems;
the ability to exploit modern physical apparatus and equipment;
the ability to put into practice the basic skills;
the ability to use modern methods of processing, analysis and synthesis of physical information;
the ability to use cognitive and professional activity of the basic knowledge of computer science and information technologies, software tools work in computer networks; creation of databases and the use of Internet resources;
ability to understand and express the information received and to submit the results of physical research.
Unique educational laboratories:
As part of a workshop in general physics (general practicum in physics), has 15 modern laboratory facilities on nuclear physics (produced by LD DIDACTIC Group, Germany), equipped with all types of sources of ionizing radiation. The workshop is aimed at experimental (rather than simulation, virtual) study of the mechanisms and laws of radioactive transformations, nuclear interaction (alpha, beta, gamma radiation and neutrons) with matter, the physical principles and practical methods of registration of radiation. In carrying out laboratory work, students have the opportunity to acquire basic knowledge about radiation safety, dosimetry, general principles of the protection from different kinds of ionizing radiation, as well as practical skills to work with the equipment of modern nuclear physics experiments with elements of automation, acquisition and analysis of experimental data with a personal computer.
Unique research laboratories:
Research laboratory of "Synthesis and analysis of thin film systems" (room #028, the building of the Institute of Physics KFU) has a unique custom-built equipment by German companies SPECS and BESTEK. It allows you to synthesize ultrathin films and heterostructures of the normal, superconducting, ferromagnetic metals, semiconductors and dielectrics by molecular beam epitaxy and magnetron sputtering at ultrahigh vacuum conditions (10-9-10-11 mbar). It equipped with modern analysis of the materials in situ of the vacuum system: LEED, high energy electron diffraction (RHEED), X-ray and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, Auger spectrometer, Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, a scanning electron microscope.
Research laboratory "Resonant and interference gamma-spectroscopy of advanced materials" (room #9, building Nuclear Physics Lab) is equipped with a unique set of equipment consisting of a multifunctional system for Mössbauer measurements (Wissel GmbH, Germany) and the Mossbauer spectrometer SM1201 (IAP RAS, St. Petersburg), as well as tools and vacuum cryogenic infrastructure. Listed experimental technique ensures a research using complex Mossbauer techniques: absorption spectroscopy, spectroscopy of conversion electrons, grazing incidence spectrometry, Rayleigh scattering of Mössbauer radiation and time-resolved spectroscopy. Available for unique experiments (in a wide temperature range from 1.5 to 1300 K in a magnetic field up to 6 Tesla, at high pressures and in the presence of high-frequency excitations) it provides a solution using the up today Mossbauer spectroscopy for fundamental, applied and socially important problems of a wide area. It extends from the problems of nanomaterials, looking for the chemical industry, biology, agriculture, to research of the transport processes for drugs delivery in medicine and pharmacology, the development of technologies for synthesis and processing of new functional materials to an environment monitoring by analysis of industrial emissions.
Educational and Research Laboratory "Gamma resonance imaging of electronic materials" (room #4, building Nuclear Physics Lab) uses in his research the Mossbauer spectroscopy of conversion electrons - MScE. MScE provides information on the phase composition, microstructure and magnetic properties of the substance on the depth ~ 200 nm. The laboratory first proposed, implemented and patented a way to simultaneously acquire a record number of MScE spectra for different groups of electron energies. Implementation of the new original experimental techniques is one of the directions of scientific work. The class of research objects is successfully combined with the unique features of MScE, in particular, thin magnetic films and ion implantation synthesized layers. Recently, considerable piece of work in material science comprises thin films prepared by ion implantation and ultrahigh vacuum deposition of high iron in various substrates.
Educational and Research Laboratory "Ceramics”. A new Lab equipped with modern grinding, sieving, mixing, extrusion and compressing equipment to produce samples of building, industrial and special kinds of ceramics. A set of analytical equipment and setups for measuring of hardness, strength, thermal conductivity, ultrasound propagation velocity, morphology and mineral content provides control of technological processes and research in development of new kinds of ceramics. The laboratory carries out cooperative projects with factories of the industry of ceramics.
The development of modern science and education is not possible without close international relations, co-operation research. Like many subdivisions of Kazan Federal University, the Department of Solid State Physics cooperates in joint scientific research and organization of international conferences. Employees of the department had organized several international conferences, they held and perform joint research in the framework of European and American research projects. Employees of the department published more than hundred joint papers with their international counterparts in top international scientific journals, which is one of the clearest indicators of this cooperation. As an example, you can specify the following contacts:
For a long time, continuing collaborative research with the University of Augsburg, Germany (Prof. Dr. Tagirov LR). Dr. A. Hasanov, the main research areas of which is Mossbauer gamma-resonance spectroscopy, has been working in the Mössbauer Effect Data Center, USA, and was co-editor of the magazine the Mössbauer Effect Reference and Data Journal. For many years, Associate Professor, Ph.D. Vagizov FG cooperates in joint research on gamma-optics with Texas A & M University, USA resulting in a recent publication in Nature Letters.