Since the first half of the XIX century Philological Science had been successfully developed. The School of Slavic Philology Studies, founded by V.I.Grigorovich, was widely recognized even then. The scientist wrote about the results of his three-years journey to Slavic countries in his "Essay of European Turkey Traveling" being exhibited. That expedition organized by the founder of Russian Slavic Studies marked the beginning of scientific research of the history of southern Slavs.
A number of exhibits tell us about the famous Kazan Linguistic School. It was founded by Baudouin de Courtney, who worked at the university from 1875 to 1883. There is a genuine photo of the scientist, presented to his disciple and colleague V.A.Bogoroditsky and his "Lecture Course Program for 1877-78", which he presented with autograph to the English Language lecturer S.P.Orlov.
The outstanding linguist organized the so-called "baudouin" circle, represented by N.V.Krushevsky, S.K.Bulich and V.A.Bogoroditsky, whose scientific work was closely connected with Kazan. Traditions of the Baudouin School have being successfully developed by university linguists.
One of the considerable places of the exhibition is given to Oriental Studies, which the University has always been proud of. In the first half of the XIX century on the initiative of rector N.I.Lobachevsky Kazan University became the biggest center of Oriental Studies in Europe.
Visitors of the Museum take great interest in portraits of famous specialists in Oriental Studies - O.M.Kovalevsky, founder of the first Department of Mongolian Language in Europe, sinologist V. P. Vasilyev, the Head of the Department of Turkish and Tatar Languages and specialist in Turkic philology A.K.Kazem-Bek, outstanding orientalist I.N.Berezin, the founder of the Armenian Language Department S.I.Nazaryants, lecturer of Oriental Calligraphy M.G.Makhmudov as well as books and published works and items of eastern collections brought to Kazan by V.P.Vasilyev, O.M.Kovalevsky and A.V.Popov from the Central and South-Eastern Asia.
In 1854 the Oriental Faculty which consisted of six departments moved to St. Peterburg. Turkic studies had their continuation under the direction of N.F.Katanov. Among the exhibits, showing N.F.Katanov's scientific achievements in languages and ethnography of different peoples of Russia, special attention should be paid to his Doctor's Thesis "Experience in Uryankhai Language Studies" having been included in the Golden Collection of world Turkic studies. There are photos, documents and items from his Siberian collection: tobacco-pouch, shaman's rattle and the steel, which usually attracts visitors' attention.